Tuesday, March 15, 2011

Do You know Guttation?

Guttation is a secretion of fluid from a plant's leaf that comes onto the surface of the leaf out of specialized pores called hydrathodes.

This process happens when the surrounding humidity in the air is high, the soil moisture is high and the rate of transpiration (evaporation) is low. Plants enclosed in a terrarium will sometimes exhibit this phenomenon.

When the water being secreted contains minerals in the solution, like calcium, it will leave a whitish crust on the surface of the leaf when it dries.

These are some pistographs to show the guttation phenomenon... 

Guttation : Strawberry plants

Root pressure is probably the main cause of guttation. Active absorption of water by the roots and the development of root pressure with low rate of transpiration results in guttation.

Structure of hydathode

Hydathodes or water stomata are special stomata found at the margin and tips of the leaves where the main veins ends. Each hydathode has a pore which always remain open. The pore leads to a small cavity, the stomatal chamber followed by a group of loosely arranged cells called epithem. These cells are in close contact with xylem endings of veins.

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